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Contemporary neurosurgical techniques for pituitary tumor resection.

Approximately 5,000 trans-sphenoidal surgeries are performed for resection of pituitary tumors each year in the United States. The rise in popularity of the trans-spehnoidal approach, though described nearly a century ago, has been facilitated over the last decades by advances in technique and technology. In this review, we discuss the relative strengths of microscopic and endoscopic techniques for pituitary tumor resection. However, despite being the standard of care for patients with most pituitary tumors, cure rates for many subtypes of pituitary lesions, such as secretory macroadenomas or tumors with significant cavernous sinus invasion, remain unsatisfactory. We also describe two more recent advances in neurosurgical technique which may offer promise of increased rates of surgical cure: pseudocapsular resection and cavernous sinus approaches.

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