Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
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The long-term efficacy of hydrocele treatment with aspiration and sclerotherapy with polidocanol compared to placebo: a prospective, double-blind, randomized study.

PURPOSE: We evaluate whether aspiration and sclerosing of hydrocele testis is an effective treatment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with symptomatic hydrocele testis were included in this prospective, double-blind, randomized study with polidocanol and placebo. Patients were randomized to active treatment or placebo at the first treatment. Depending on hydrocele testis size (less than 100, 100 to 200 and greater than 200 ml), the patients were treated with 1, 3 or 4 ml polidocanol after aspiration. Patients with recurrence at the 5-week followup received active treatment.

RESULTS: A total of 77 patients were included in the study. In group 1 (active treatment) there were 36 patients with a median age of 63 years (range 34 to 92). In group 2, comprised of 41 patients, the median age was 59 years (range 26 to 82). Median followup was 72 months. A significant difference between the groups was observed after the first and second treatments. Recurrence after the first treatment was seen in 16 (44%) patients from group 1 and in 32 (78%) from group 2 (p <0.05). Recurrence after re-treatment with the active drug in both groups was seen in 4 (25%) patients in group 1 and in 14 (44%) in the former placebo group (p <0.05). The overall success rate of treatment in the active group was 89%. There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of volume of fluid aspirated, symptoms or complications.

CONCLUSIONS: This long-term efficacy randomized study with placebo showed that polidocanol is effective for the treatment of hydrocele testis with a low recurrence rate.

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