JOURNAL ARTICLE

Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin as an early marker of acute kidney injury in patients with traumatic brain injury

Ning Li, Wei-Guo Zhao, Fu-Lin Xu, Wei-Feng Zhang, Wei-Ting Gu
Journal of Nephrology 2013, 26 (6): 1083-8
24249209

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is rapidly up-regulated early after murine renal injury, and in patients after cardiac surgery or patients critically ill with multiple trauma. In this study, we evaluated urinary NGAL levels as a potential biomarker of early acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

METHODS: All patients with severe TBI admitted to our neurosurgical intensive care unit from March to September 2011 were enrolled prospectively. Urinary NGAL was measured using a chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay upon admission and at 24 and 48 hours after TBI. The presence of AKI was defined by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria.

RESULTS: Using AKIN criteria, a total of 13 patients were identified with AKI, an incidence of 24%. Those who subsequently developed AKI had a striking rise in urinary NGAL early after TBI and a sustained increase over the entire duration of the study. The urinary NGAL level of the AKI group was significantly higher than the group without AKI at all time points. Using a cutoff value of 53.9 ng/mL, the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for urinary NGAL at 48 hours was 0.876 with a sensitivity of 0.69 and specificity of 0.95.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased urinary NGAL is associated with an increased occurrence of AKI in patients with severe TBI. It is possible that urinary NGAL could provide a screening tool for AKI immediately after severe TBI, and this may in turn allow early intervention to ameliorate the adverse effects of AKI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24249209
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"