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Is laparoscopic ileocecal resection a safe option for Crohn's disease? Best evidence topic

Stavros A Antoniou, George A Antoniou, Oliver O Koch, Rudolph Pointner, Frank A Granderath
International Journal of Surgery 2014, 12 (5): 22-5
A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether laparoscopic ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease is associated with higher morbidity rates in comparison to open surgery. From a total of 123 articles, 11 studies provided the best available evidence on this topic. Five observational studies, two randomized trials, three follow up studies and a meta-analysis were identified. The primary author, date and country of publication, study type, patient group characteristics, relevant outcome parameters and results of these papers were tabulated. Perioperative morbidity was either similar between the laparoscopic and the open group, or favored the laparoscopic approach. Convalescence was consistently reported to be shorter in the laparoscopic treatment arm, at cost of longer duration of surgery. Limited evidence suggests lower incidence of small bowel obstruction and disease recurrence for laparoscopy, although follow up data are of poor quality. It may be concluded that laparoscopic ileocecal resection is a safe alternative approach to open surgery for uncomplicated Crohn's disease, provided laparoscopic expertise is available.

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