ID3 Mutations Are Recurrent Events in Double-hit B-Cell Lymphomas

Niklas Gebauer, Veronica Bernard, Alfred C Feller, Hartmut Merz
Anticancer Research 2013, 33 (11): 4771-8

BACKGROUND: Double-hit lymphomas (DHL) with chromosomal rearrangements affecting the avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (cMYC) and either the B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2) or -6 (BCL6) locus are uncommon neoplasms with an aggressive clinical course and dismal prognosis. Most cases exhibit a phenotype intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphoma. Recently mutations affecting the inhibitor of DNA binding 3 (ID3), a helix-loop-helix protein regulating cell cycle progression and B-cell differentiation, were identified as being molecular hallmarks in Burkitt lymphoma, with only rare mutations being found in other lymphomas with translocations affecting cMYC.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we evaluated the mutational status of ID3 in 37 cases of DHL and 16 cases of sporadic Burkitt lymphoma in order to identify a possible association of this new found hallmark with the rare and insufficiently-defined entity of DHL, seeking to broaden the understanding of these lymphomas at a molecular level.

RESULTS: We identified ID3 mutations in lymphomas with chromosomal aberrations at cMYC and either BCL2 or BCL6 at a frequency intermediate between that of DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma, hinting at a common pathway in lymphomagenesis for a subset of patients with DHL.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study assist in the molecular characterization of these highly aggressive lymphomas, potentially giving rise to novel therapeutic approaches.


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