JOURNAL ARTICLE

Minocycline modulates neuroprotective effect of hesperidin against quinolinic acid induced Huntington's disease like symptoms in rats: behavioral, biochemical, cellular and histological evidences

Anil Kumar, Tanya Chaudhary, Jitendriya Mishra
European Journal of Pharmacology 2013 November 15, 720 (1-3): 16-28
24211676
Emerging evidences indicate hesperidin, a citrus flavanone, attenuates neurodegenerative processes and related complications. Besides its anti-oxidant properties, the other probable mechanisms which underpin its neuroprotective potential are still not clear. In light of emerging role of flavonoids in modulating oxidative stress and neuro-inflammation, the study has been designed to explore the possible neuroprotective effect of hesperidin and its combination with minocycline (microglial inhibitor), against quinolinic acid (QA) induced Huntington's disease (HD) like symptoms in rats. Unilateral intrastriatal administration of QA (300 nmol/4 µl) significantly reduced body weight, impaired behavior (locomotor activity, beam balance and memory performance), caused oxidative damage (increased lipid peroxidation, nitrite concentration, depleted super oxide dismutase and reduced glutathione), demonstrated mitochondrial dysfunction (decreased Complex-I, II, III, and IV activities), increased striatal lesion volume and altered the levels of TNF-α, caspase-3 as well as BDNF expression, as compared to sham group. Meanwhile, chronic hesperidin (100mg/kg, p.o.) and minocycline (25mg/kg, p.o.) treatment for 21 days significantly attenuated the behavioral, biochemical and cellular alterations as compared to QA treated (control) animals, whereas hesperidin (50mg/kg, p.o.) treatment was found to be non-significant. However, treatment of hesperidin (50mg/kg) in combination with minocycline (25mg/kg) potentiated their neuroprotective effect, which was significant as compared to their effects per se in QA treated animals. Taken altogether, the results of the present study suggest a possible interplay of microglial modulation and anti-oxidant effect in neuroprotective potential of hesperidin against QA induced HD like symptoms in rats.

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