JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN)

Monika Hartig, Holger Prokisch, Thomas Meitinger, Thomas Klopstock
International Review of Neurobiology 2013, 110: 73-84
24209434
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare and devastating disorders characterized by iron deposition in the brain. Mutations in C19orf12 cause autosomal recessive inherited mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN), which may account for up to 30% of NBIA cases. The C19orf12 gene product is an orphan mitochondrial membrane protein, and most mutations are predicted to cause loss of function. From 67 MPAN cases so far reported, we describe here the clinical, radiological, and genetic features. Key clinical features are pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs, cognitive decline, neuropsychiatric abnormalities, optic atrophy, and motor axonal neuropathy. Magnetic resonance imaging shows the eponymous brain iron accumulation in globus pallidus and substantia nigra and in some cases a hyperintense streaking of the medial medullary lamina. The latter sign may discriminate MPAN from other NBIA subtypes. In two postmortem MPAN cases, neuropathology showed axonal spheroids, Lewy bodies, and hyperphosphorylated tau-containing inclusions.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24209434
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"