JOURNAL ARTICLE

Congenital muscular torticollis

Kumar Nilesh, Srijon Mukherji
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery 2013, 3 (2): 198-200
24205484
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a rare congenital musculoskeletal disorder characterized by unilateral shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). It presents in newborn infants or young children with reported incidence ranging from 0.3% to 2%. Owing to effective shortening of SCM on the involved side there is ipsilateral head tilt and contralateral rotation of the face and chin. This article reports a case of CMT in a 3½-year-old male child successfully managed by surgical release of the involved SCM followed by physiotherapy.

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