[Recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterioses of the German Central Committee against tuberculosis and the German Respiratory Society]

N Schönfeld, W Haas, E Richter, T T Bauer, L Bös, S Castell, B Hauer, K Magdorf, W Matthiessen, H Mauch, A Reuss, S Rüsch-Gerdes, P Zabel, K Dalhoff, T Schaberg, R Loddenkemper
Pneumologie 2013, 67 (11): 605-33
Nontuberculous mycobacterioses comprise a group of diseases caused by mycobacteria which do not belong to the Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis complex and are not ascribed to M. leprae. These mycobacteria are characterized by a broad variety as to environmental distribution and adaptation. Some of the species may cause specific diseases, especially in patients with underlying immunosuppressive diseases, chronic pulmonary diseases or genetic predisposition, respectively. Worldwide a rising prevalence and significance of nontuberculous mycobacterioses can be recognized. The present recommendations summarise actual aspects of epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical aspects, diagnostics - especially microbiological methods including susceptibility testing -, and specific treatment for the most relevant species. Diagnosis and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterioses during childhood and in HIV-infected individuals are described in separate chapters.

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