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JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Radium Ra 223 dichloride injection: U.S. Food and Drug Administration drug approval summary

Paul G Kluetz, William Pierce, V Ellen Maher, Hui Zhang, Shenghui Tang, Pengfei Song, Qi Liu, Martin T Haber, Eldon E Leutzinger, Ali Al-Hakim, Wei Chen, Todd Palmby, Elleni Alebachew, Rajeshwari Sridhara, Amna Ibrahim, Robert Justice, Richard Pazdur
Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2014 January 1, 20 (1): 9-14
24190979
On May 15, 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved radium Ra 223 dichloride (Ra-223; Xofigo injection; Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.) for the treatment of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), symptomatic bone metastases, and no known visceral metastatic disease. The FDA review was based on clinical trial BC1-06, which randomly allocated patients (2:1) to either Ra-223 plus best standard of care (BSoC) or placebo plus BSoC. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) with a key secondary endpoint of time to first symptomatic skeletal event (SSE). A statistically significant improvement in OS was demonstrated [HR, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-0.88, P = 0.0019]. At the prespecified interim analysis, the median OS durations were 14.0 and 11.2 months in the Ra-223 and placebo arms, respectively. The improvement in OS was supported by a delay in time to first SSE favoring the Ra-223 arm. The most common (>10%) adverse reactions in patients receiving Ra-223 were nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and peripheral edema. The most common (>10%) hematologic laboratory abnormalities were anemia, lymphocytopenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia. Ra-223 is the first α-emitting radiotherapeutic and the first radiopharmaceutical to demonstrate an OS advantage in metastatic prostate cancer.

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