Characterization of the APP/PS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease in senescence accelerated background

Kenghoe Lok, Hong Zhao, Hanlin Shen, Zejian Wang, Xiang Gao, Wenjuan Zhao, Ming Yin
Neuroscience Letters 2013 December 17, 557 Pt B: 84-9
The APP/PS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) exhibits remarkable elevation of β-amyloid production associated with certain behavioral abnormalities, while the senescence accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) is characterized by early and age-related deterioration of learning and memory. In order to obtain an AD model that develops earlier pathological changes and cognitive impairment, we generated SAMP8-APP/PS1, a novel senescence accelerated APP/PS1 transgenic mouse model of AD. Standard histological staining and immunohistochemistry using an amyloid beta (Aβ) antibody showed an age, genotype and strain-dependent progression of amyloid deposition and neuron loss in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of SAMP8-APP/PS1 mice. Results from the cognitive behavioral tests revealed early deficits in learning and memory in SAMP8-APP/PS1 mice in the two way active avoidance and Morris water maze tests compared with C57-APP/PS1, SAMP8 wild-type and control mice. These results suggest that accelerated senescence exacerbates amyloid deposition and cognitive dysfunction in APP/PS1 mice and the senescence accelerated-APP/PS1 (SAMP8-APP/PS1) mouse model might be a valuable tool to study AD progression and to evaluate the effect of drugs on AD.

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