Near-infrared fluorescence imaging of murine atherosclerosis using an oxidized low density lipoprotein-targeted fluorochrome

Tong Lu, Song Wen, Ying Cui, Sheng-Hong Ju, King C Li, Gao-Jun Teng
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 2014, 30 (1): 221-31
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of detecting plaques using an NIR797 fluorochrome-labeled, anti-oxLDL antibody (anti-oxLDL-NIR797) and near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging in a murine model of atherosclerosis. Anti-mouse oxLDL polyclonal antibodies were conjugated to NIR797 dyes to synthesis oxLDL-targeted NIRF probe. In situ and ex vivo NIRF imaging of the high-cholesterol diet-induced atherosclerotic lesions of apoE-/- mice (baseline) as well as ex vivo NIRF imaging in the progression and regression group (without or with atorvastatin treatment for another 8 weeks) were performed 24 h after an intravenous injection of 1 mg/kg of anti-oxLDL-NIR797, while phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was used for the controls. The plaque areas were investigated using Oil Red O (ORO) staining. Aortas isolated from the apoE-/- mice 24 h post-injection exhibited a selective, strong, heterogeneous NIRF signal enhancement in the aortic root, arch, and bifurcation, whereas the PBS and competitive inhibition groups had limited NIRF signal changes (p < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between ORO staining and NIRF in the atherosclerotic aortas that received anti-oxLDL-NIR797. Immunofluorescence studies confirmed the colocalization of the oxLDL/macrophages and NIR797 fluorochromes. Furthermore, the atherosclerotic lesions of atorvastatin-treated mice showed reduced anti-oxLDL-NIR797 uptake and oxLDL expression. These results indicate that NIRF plaque imaging is feasible with an oxLDL-targeted NIRF probe. Thus, oxLDL-based molecular imaging of atherosclerotic plaques is feasible and may provide important methods for characterizing vulnerable plaques and monitoring the response to therapeutic interventions for atherosclerosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"