JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

New gestational phase-specific cutoff values for the use of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1/placental growth factor ratio as a diagnostic test for preeclampsia

Stefan Verlohren, Ignacio Herraiz, Olav Lapaire, Dietmar Schlembach, Harald Zeisler, Pavel Calda, Joan Sabria, Filiz Markfeld-Erol, Alberto Galindo, Katharina Schoofs, Barbara Denk, Holger Stepan
Hypertension 2014, 63 (2): 346-52
24166751
To establish gestational phase adapted cutoffs for the use of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio as a diagnostic tool for preeclampsia in the clinical setting, a multicenter case-control study including a total of 1149 patients was performed. We report normal values of sFlt-1, PlGF, and the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio based on the analysis of a total of 877 patients with uneventful pregnancy outcome. A total of 234 patients with preeclampsia and a matched cohort consisting of 468 patients with normal pregnancy outcome were compared, and sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured on an automated platform. Separate cutoffs for the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio were determined for the early (20+0-33+6 weeks) and the late gestational phase (34+0 weeks-delivery). For each of the 2 gestational phases, 2 independent cutoffs framing an equivocal zone were determined: the first cutoff with focus on high sensitivity, and the second focusing on high specificity. Between 20+0 and 33+6 weeks, the cutoffs at ≤33 and ≥85 resulted in a sensitivity/specificity of 95%/94% and 88%/99.5%, respectively. An sFlt-1/PlGF ratio of ≤33 had the lowest likelihood of a negative test (0.05; 95% confidence interval, 0.02-0.13), whereas values ≥85 had the highest likelihood of a positive test (176; 95% confidence interval, 24.88-1245). After 34+0 weeks, the cutoffs at ≤33 and ≥110 yielded a sensitivity/specificity of 89.6%/73.1% and 58.2%/95.5%, respectively. The approach to use multiple cutoffs for the early and late gestational phase enhances the diagnostic accuracy of the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio as a diagnostic tool for preeclampsia.

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