Cultural adaptation, standardization and clinical validity of the test your memory dementia screening instrument in Greek

Eliza Iatraki, Panagiotis G Simos, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Zaganas, Emmanouil K Symvoulakis, Emmanouil Papastefanakis, Simeon Panagiotakis, Heraklis Pantelidakis, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Chariklia Tziraki
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 2014, 37 (3): 163-80

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To adapt and standardize the Test Your Memory (TYM) dementia screening instrument in Greek.

METHODS: Normative data on the Greek version of the TYM were obtained from a community sample of 239 adults aged 21-92 years. Clinical validity was assessed in a cohort of 134 Neurology Clinic patients. Concurrent validity was examined through comparisons with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Greek Everyday Function Scale.

RESULTS: Correlations between the TYM and the MMSE were 0.73 and 0.82 in the community and patient samples, respectively. Scores on both tests were moderately associated with everyday functional capacity. Using age- and education-corrected cutoff scores ranging from 26/50 to 45/50 points, the sensitivity of the TYM for Alzheimer's disease detection was found to be higher than that of the MMSE (0.82 vs. 0.70), although its specificity was lower (0.71 vs. 0.90).

CONCLUSION: Findings are consistent with previous reports in a variety of cultural settings supporting the potential utility of the TYM as a dementia screening tool.

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