JOURNAL ARTICLE

Regional homogeneity abnormalities affected by depressive symptoms in migraine patients without aura: a resting state study

Dahua Yu, Kai Yuan, Ling Zhao, Fanrong Liang, Wei Qin
PloS One 2013, 8 (10): e77933
24147100

BACKGROUND: Bidirectional relationship between migraine and depression suggests that there might be some etiological risk factors shared. However, few studies investigated resting state abnormalities affected by depressive symptoms in migraine patients without aura (MWoA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to their self-rating depression scale (SDS) score, MWoA were divided into twenty in the SDS (+) (SDS > 49) group and 20 in the SDS (-) (SDS ≤ 49) group. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) method were employed to assess local features of spontaneous brain activity between 1) all MWoA and healthy controls, 2) each subgroup and healthy controls, and 3) SDS (-) group and SDS (+) group.

RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, decreased ReHo in similar regions were shown in the MWoA group and subgroups. It is noteworthy that the caudate showed increased ReHo in the SDS (-) group compared with healthy controls and the SDS (+) group. Moreover, the average ReHo values of the caudate in SDS (-) group were significantly positively correlated with duration of migraine.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that ReHo patterns in migraine patients may be affected by depressive symptoms and serve as a biomarker to reflect depression severity in MWoA.

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