Downregulation of miR-130a contributes to cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells by targeting X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) directly

Xi'an Zhang, Lingna Huang, Yinglin Zhao, Wuhong Tan
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 2013, 45 (12): 995-1001
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, highly conserved small non-coding RNA molecules, which post-transcriptionally regulate genes expression and play crucial roles in diverse biological processes. Recent studies have shown that dysregulation of miRNAs might modulate the resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents. To investigate the possible role of miR-130a in the development of cisplatin resistance in human ovarian cancer cell line A2780, we evaluated the expression of microRNA-130a (miR-130a) in the cells by the quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that miR-130a was significantly down-regulated in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. MTT assay and flow cytometry (FCM) results showed that over-expression of miR-130a regulated apoptotic activity, and thereby cisplatin chemosensitivity, in ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, we found that miR-130a can directly target XIAP, and participate in the regulation of apoptosis. The up-regulation of miR-130a led to a significant decrease in the XIAP mRNA levels and protein levels. XIAP plays an important role in cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cell line A2780. Our findings suggested that miR-130a could play a role in the development of cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cell line A2780, at least in part by modulation of apoptosis via targeting XIAP.

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