[Nutrition recommendations for children who practice sports]

F Sánchez-Valverde Visus, A Moráis López, J Ibáñez, J Dalmau Serra
Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.) 2014, 81 (2): 125.e1-6
Several health benefits have been attributed to sports practice, and an adequate nutrition status helps to maintain an optimal performance. Children most frequently practice non-competitive and non-endurance activities in a school setting. The dietary intake of children who practice sports should be similar to the general population, properly meeting their energy and nutrient requirements. During the activity performance, correct hydration should be aimed for, with water appearing to be an adequate source in most cases. General calorie and micronutrient supplementation should not be commonly recommended in children. Paediatricians must control nutritional status and dietary habits of children who practice sports, especially in those cases when weight-loss is aimed for, as well as take into account the psychological implications of competitive sports practice.

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