JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Evaluation and treatment recommendations for acute injuries to the ankle syndesmosis without associated fracture

Timothy L Miller, Timothy Skalak
Sports Medicine 2014, 44 (2): 179-88
24127279
Ankle ligamentous injuries are commonly seen in athletes in a variety of sports. Surveys of physicians and trainers of professional sports teams have identified syndesmotic injuries as among the most difficult to treat. In particular, injuries of the ankle syndesmosis have been strongly linked with a prolonged recovery and increased time to return to play. Due to sudden external rotation with the tibiotalar joint in dorsiflexion, these structures are commonly injured in association with fractures of the distal fibula. Surgery is indicated in cases with associated fractures and ligamentous instability, but optimal treatment for syndesmosis injuries without an associated fracture is less clear. A thorough history and physical examination, as well as appropriate imaging, are necessary to effectively diagnose and classify the injury. For stable injuries, short-term immobilization and functional rehabilitation is recommended. Unstable Grade 2 and 3 injuries require surgical fixation. Debate currently exists over rigid screw fixation versus suture button techniques as the ideal fixation method.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24127279
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.