JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinical venous thromboembolism following joint surgery: effect of extended thromboprophylaxis on its annual frequency and postoperative pattern over 22 years

Ola E Dahl, Tor E Gudmundsen, Are H Pripp, Joakim J Aanesen
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis 2014, 20 (2): 117-23
24113492
We describe annual incidences and 6-month postoperative patterns of clinical venous thromboembolism (VTE) in 9078 patients undergoing major joint surgery in a Scandinavian hospital. In cohort I (1989-1999), low-molecular-weight heparin thromboprophylaxis for 7 to 10 days was uniformly introduced, 5-week thromboprophylaxis becoming routine after total hip replacement (THR), partially applied after hip fracture surgery (HFS), but not used after total knee replacement (TKR) thereafter (2003-2011; cohort II). Mean annual VTE incidence was lower in cohort II than in cohort I after THR and HFS but not after TKR. In cohort I, the cumulative VTE incidence increased sharply during the first 5 postoperative weeks in all groups, subsequently plateauing up to 6 months postsurgery. In cohort II, this incidence remained low and stable during 5 weeks post-THR, rising gradually up to 6 months, with a comparable but less pronounced pattern following HFS but not TKR. In conclusion, the VTE risk after major joint surgery seems to persist after 5- and 1-week prophylaxis in patients undergoing hip surgery and TKR, respectively.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24113492
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"