LncRNA expression signatures of twist-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in MCF10A cells

Ping Hu, Jiajia Yang, Yixuan Hou, Hailong Zhang, Zongyue Zeng, Liuyang Zhao, Tenghua Yu, Xi Tang, Gang Tu, Xiaojiang Cui, Manran Liu
Cellular Signalling 2014, 26 (1): 83-93
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transient (EMT) is associated with tumor metastasis. Twist is one of the key transcription factors for EMT and relates to tumor cell migration. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as important regulatory molecules involved in a broad range of biological processes and complicated diseases. However, it is unknown whether a signal network and lncRNAs are involved in Twist-induced EMT program. Taking MCF10A/Twist as a model, more than 99 lncRNAs and 3164 genes are regulated in the Twist-induced EMT process using lncRNA-array and cDNA micro-array. We establish a downstream signal network associated with EMT induced by Twist using bioinformatic analysis (Gene Ontology, pathway analysis) and experimental data. A set of multiple canonical signal pathways (such as WNT, MAPK, JAK/STAT, TGF-β, mTOR, Hedgehog and P53 signaling pathways) and several lncRNAs [such as lncRNA (chr6, 26124411-26139312, +), lncRNA (chr1, 41944445-41949874, -), lncRNA (chr17, 44833874-44834830, +)] are altered in MCF10A/Twist cells. More interestingly, lncRNA (chr17, 44833874-44834830, +), lncRNA (chr17, 21142183-21156578, -), lncRNA (chr6, 26124411-26139312, +) and lncRNA (chr19, 438420-2083745, -) may be involved in regulation or activation of WNT signaling pathway in the Twist-induced EMT process. These findings first determine that Twist contributes to invasion and metastasis by inducing wide-ranging transcriptional and functional changes of lncRNAs and signal pathways in our study.

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