Automated microaneurysm detection method based on Eigenvalue analysis using Hessian matrix in retinal fundus images

Tsuyoshi Inoue, Yuji Hatanaka, Susumu Okumura, Chisako Muramatsu, Hiroshi Fujita
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2013, 2013: 5873-6
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most frequent cause of blindness. Microaneurysm (MA) is an early symptom of DR. Therefore, the detection of MA is important for the early detection of DR. We have proposed an automated MA detection method based on double-ring filter, but it has given many false positives. In this paper, we propose an MA detection method based on eigenvalue analysis using a Hessian matrix, with an aim to improve MA detection. After image preprocessing, the MA candidate regions were detected by eigenvalue analysis using the Hessian matrix in green-channeled retinal fundus images. Then, 126 features were calculated for each candidate region. By a threshold operation based on feature analysis, false positive candidates were removed. The candidate regions were then classified either as MA or false positive using artificial neural networks (ANN) based on principal component analysis (PCA). The 126 features were reduced to 25 components by PCA, and were then inputted to ANN. When the method was evaluated on visible MAs using 25 retinal images from the retinopathy online challenge (ROC) database, the true positive rate was 73%, with eight false positives per image.

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