Analysis of MAT3 gene expression in NSCLC

Shangen Zheng, Yuwen Du, Heying Chu, Xudong Chen, Ping Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Yunyun Ma, Huaqi Wang, Wenqiao Zang, Guojun Zhang, Guoqiang Zhao
Diagnostic Pathology 2013, 8: 166

BACKGROUND: Many studies have suggested different roles of Metastasis-associated protein 3 (MAT3) in different types of human cancers. However, expression of MAT3 in primary lung cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological factors have not been examined and the biological roles of MTA3 in lung cancer cells are still unclear.

METHODS: The expression of MAT3 mRNA and protein were detected with quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods in 118 NSCLC samples and corresponding non-neoplastic samples. Survival curves were made with follow-up data. The relations of the prognosis with clinical and pathological characteristics were analyzed.

RESULTS: The expression level of MAT3 mRNA and the positive rate of MAT3 protein were significantly higher in NSCLC samples than that in non-neoplastic samples, and in NSCLC samples with lymph node metastasis than that in NSCLC samples without lymph node metastasis (P < 0.01). MAT3 mRNA expression level was a risk factor of lymph node metastasis in patients with NSCLC (P = 0.006). There were significant differences in survival curves between lymph node metastatic group and non-metastatic group (P = 0.000), among groups of MAT3 positive and negative (P = 0.000), among groups of TNM stage I, II and III (P = 0.000) and among groups of tumor status T1, T2 and T3T4 (P = 0.000); but no statistical significance between male patients and female patients (P = 0.516), between ≥ 60 years old patients and <60 years old patients (P = 0.133), between histology types adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (P = 0.865) and between well differentiation and moderate-poor differentiation (P = 0.134). The level of MAT3 mRNA (P = 0.000) and protein (P = 0.000) were risk factors of survival.

CONCLUSION: Our study showed that MAT3 over-expression in NSCLC tissue, and MAT3 mRNA level is a risk factor of lymph node metastasis. The level of MAT3 mRNA and protein were risk factors of survival in patients with NSCLC. It suggested that this antigen could be used as a simple and efficient parameter with which to identify high-risk patients.

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