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Usefulness of mean platelet volume as a biomarker for long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in Korean cohort: a comparable and additive predictive value to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide

Young-Jae Ki, Seulki Park, Sung-Il Ha, Dong-Hyun Choi, Heesang Song
Platelets 2014, 25 (6): 427-32
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The aim of this study was to determine the associations of the mean platelet volume (MPV) high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with the development of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MPV hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP were analyzed in 372 patients who underwent PCI. The primary endpoint was cardiac death. The secondary endpoint analyzed was cardiovascular events (CVE): the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR), ischemic stroke and stent thrombosis (ST). The median MPV hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP levels were 8.20 (IQR 7.70-8.70) fL, 0.291 (IQR 0.015-3.785) ng/mL, and 105.25 (IQR 50.84-1128.5) pg/mL, respectively. There were 21 events of cardiac death, 10 MI (including 4 events of ST), 7 ischemic strokes and 29 TVR during a mean of 25.8 months of follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the higher MPV group (>8.20 fL, median) had a significantly higher cardiac death rate than the lower MPV group (≤8.20 fL; 9.4% vs. 2.1%, log-rank: p = 0.0026). When the MPV cut-off level was set to 8.20 fL using the receiver operating characteristic curve, the sensitivity was 81% and the specificity was 53.3% for differentiating between the group with cardiac death and the group without cardiac death. This value was more useful in patients with myocardial injury (hs-cTnT ≥ 0.1 ng/mL) or heart failure (NT-proBNP ≥ 450 pg/mL). The results of this study show that MPV is a predictive marker for cardiac death after PCI; its predictive power for cardiac death is more useful in patients with myocardial injury or heart failure.

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