A novel resveratrol analogue, HS-1793, inhibits hypoxia-induced HIF-1α and VEGF expression, and migration in human prostate cancer cells

Dong Hwan Kim, Mohammad Akbar Hossain, Min Young Kim, Jin-Ah Kim, Jeong-Hyun Yoon, Hong Suk Suh, Gi-Young Kim, Yung Hyun Choi, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim
International Journal of Oncology 2013, 43 (6): 1915-24
In many studies, resveratrol has been shown to have a chemopreventive effect in various types of cancer cells. However, the biological activity of resveratrol is limited by its photosensitivity and metabolic instability. This study investigated the effects of a novel analogue of resveratrol, HS-1793, on the expression of HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. Hypoxic condition induced HIF-1α protein level in PC-3 cells in a time-dependent manner, and treatment with HS-1793 markedly decreased HIF-1α expression levels. HS-1793 also inhibited VEGF level. Mechanistically, HS-1793 inhibited HIF-1α and VEGF expression through multiple mechanisms. Firstly, HS-1793 inhibited phosphorylation of PI3K and Akt in PC-3 cells. Furthermore, HS-1793 substantially induced HIF-1α protein degradation through the proteasome pathway. Finally, HS-1793 inhibited hypoxia-induced PC-3 cell migration. These data suggest that HS-1793 may inhibit human prostate cancer progression and angiogenesis by inhibiting the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF. Moreover, HS-1793 showed more potent effects than resveratrol on the cytotoxic effects on PC-3 cells. Taken together, these results implied that HS-1793, a novel analogue of resveratrol, may be a new potent chemopreventive agent against human prostate cancer cells.

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