Chimney and periscope grafts observed over 2 years after their use to revascularize 169 renovisceral branches in 77 patients with complex aortic aneurysms

Mario Lachat, Frank J Veith, Thomas Pfammatter, Michael Glenck, Dominique Bettex, Dieter Mayer, Zoran Rancic, Steffen Gloekler, Felice Pecoraro
Journal of Endovascular Therapy 2013, 20 (5): 597-605

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of periscope and/or chimney grafts (CPGs) in the endovascular treatment of pararenal or thoracoabdominal aneurysms using off-the-shelf devices.

METHODS: Between February 2002 and August 2012, 77 consecutive patients (62 men; mean age 73±9 years) suffering from pararenal aortic (n=55), thoracoabdominal (n=16), or arch to visceral artery aneurysms (n=6) were treated with aortic stent-graft implantation requiring chimney and/or periscope grafts to maintain side branch perfusion. CPGs were planned in advance and were not used as bailout. A standardized follow-up protocol including computed tomographic angiography, laboratory testing, and clinical examination was performed at 6 weeks; 3, 6, and 12 months; and annually thereafter.

RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in 76 (99%) patients; 1 branch stent-graft became dislocated from a renal artery, which could not be re-accessed. Overall, 169 target vessels (121 renal arteries, 30 superior mesenteric arteries, 17 celiac trunks, and 1 inferior mesenteric artery) were addressed with the chimney graft configuration in 111 and the periscope graft configuration in 58. In total, 228 devices were used for the CPGs: 213 Viabahn stent-grafts and 15 bare metal stents. Over a mean 25±16 months (range 1-121), 9 patients died of unrelated causes. Nearly all (95%) of the patients demonstrated a decreased or stable aneurysm size on imaging; there was a mean 13% shrinkage in aneurysm diameter. Twenty patients had primary type I/III endoleaks at discharge; in follow-up, only 3 of these were still present (no secondary or recurrent endoleaks were noted). Additional endovascular maneuvers were required for CPG-related complications in 13 patients from intervention throughout follow-up. Overall, 4 CPGs occluded (98% target vessel patency); no stent-graft migration was observed. Renal function remained stable in all patients.

CONCLUSION: In this series, the use of CPGs has proven to be a feasible, safe, and effective way to treat thoracoabdominal and pararenal aneurysms with maintenance of blood flow to the renovisceral arteries. Nearly all of the aneurysms showed no increase in diameter over a >2-year mean follow-up, which supports the midterm adequacy of the CPG technique as a method to effectively revascularize branch vessels with few endoleaks or branch occlusions.

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