Trends in demographics, charges, and outcomes of patients undergoing excision of sporadic vestibular schwannoma

Omar H Ahmed, Hossein Mahboubi, Sari Lahham, Cory Pham, Hamid R Djalilian
Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery 2014, 150 (2): 266-74

OBJECTIVE: To assess demographics, charges, and outcome measures by temporal and volume analysis in the treatment of vestibular schwannoma.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis.

SETTING, SUBJECTS, AND METHODS: The California Hospital Inpatient Discharge Databases from 1996 to 2010.

RESULTS: A total of 6545 cases from 1996 to 2010 were identified. Of these, 86.2% occurred at high-volume centers (HVCs), and the number of annual cases decreased by 28.5%. Patients presenting for surgery were increasingly younger, non-Caucasian, and likely to have comorbidities. Total charges significantly increased over time (P < .001), with the median total charge in 2006-2010 being $91,338 compared with $38,607.92 in 1996-2000 after adjusting for inflation. Routine discharges (home or residence) were more likely at HVCs (odds ratio [OR] 5.48, P < .001) and less likely if patients had Medicaid (Medi-Cal; OR 0.51, P = .002) or Medicare (OR 0.55, P = .022), were 65 years or older (OR 0.56, P = .025), or had comorbidities (OR 0.54, P < .001). Shorter hospital stays were more likely at HVCs (OR 3.77, P < .001) and less likely if patients had Medicaid (OR 0.36, P < .001) or comorbidities (OR 0.61, P < .001). Lesser total charges were more likely at HVCs (OR 2.12, P = .002) and less likely if patients had comorbidities (OR 0.70, P < .001). Mortality was less likely at HVCs (OR 0.10, P = .011).

CONCLUSION: The profile of patients undergoing vestibular neuroma excision is changing. Surgical volume is decreasing, suggesting a trend toward more conservative management or stereotactic radiation. Patients are best served at HVCs, where routine discharges, shorter length of stay, decreased mortality, and lower total charges are more likely.

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