Laparoscopically assisted biomaterial graft for reconstruction in congenital atresia of vagina and cervix

MengHui Li, ZhenYu Zhang
Fertility and Sterility 2013, 100 (6): 1784-7

OBJECTIVE: To report successful treatment by laparoscopically assisted biomaterial graft for reconstruction in patients with congenital atresia of the uterine cervix and vagina.

DESIGN: Technique and instrumentations.

SETTING: University-based tertiary care hospital.

PATIENT(S): An 18-year-old woman with vaginal agenesis and cervical dysgenesis and a 13-year-old woman with vaginal agenesis and cervical agenesis, both patients with a functional uterus.

INTERVENTION(S): Creation of a neovagina by vaginal procedure and laparoscopically assisted biomaterial graft for uterovaginal anastomosis was performed in all patients.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): All surgical findings were carefully reviewed to determine the anatomic characteristics of the malformed cervix. Subsequent follow-up was done by referring physicians.

RESULT(S): Uterovaginal continuity was established successfully in both patients, and all of the women were menstruating normally. Granulomatous polyps occurred in one patient, and this condition was successfully managed. At 6-month follow-up, mean vaginal length was 12 cm and ≥ 80% of neovaginal epithelium was iodine positive in both patients. Unimpeded menstrual flow continued after 4 years of follow-up in one patient and 5 years of follow-up in the other patient.

CONCLUSION(S): A combined laparoscopic and vaginal procedure with biomaterial graft could be an effective alternative in selected women with atresia of cervix and vagina.

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