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The Heerfordt-Waldenström syndrome as an initial presentation of sarcoidosis.

Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unclear etiology, which commonly presents with cough, dyspnea, chest pain, fever, weight loss, arthralgias, and erythema nodosum. Heerfordt-Waldenström syndrome, a rare presentation of sarcoidosis, is characterized by the presence of parotid gland enlargement, facial palsy, anterior uveitis, and fever. Here we present a case of a 59-year-old nonsmoking African American woman who presented with 3 days of progressively worsening left facial droop, difficulty swallowing, and blurred vision. Over the prior 4 months, she had had a productive cough, fevers, night sweats, and an unintentional 30-pound weight loss. Physical examination revealed a left facial droop involving the forehead, cheek, and chin with an inability to close the left eyelid. Her serum angiotensin-converting enzyme level was twice the upper limit of normal. Prominent hilar markings were identified on chest x-ray, but no focal opacity was seen. Fine-needle aspiration of a preauricular lymph node revealed noncaseating granulomas consistent with granulomatous lymphangitis. The patient was given a diagnosis of Heerfordt-Waldenström syndrome, or uveoparotid fever. Treatment with a high-dose steroid improved her parotid gland enlargement, facial palsy, and anterior uveitis.

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