Magnetic targeting of novel heparinized iron oxide nanoparticles evaluated in a 9L-glioma mouse model

Jian Zhang, Meong Cheol Shin, Victor C Yang
Pharmaceutical Research 2014, 31 (3): 579-92

PURPOSE: A novel PEGylated and heparinized magnetic iron oxide nano-platform (DNPH) was synthesized for simultaneous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and tumor targeting.

METHODS: Starch-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles ("D") were crosslinked, aminated (DN) and then simultaneously PEGylated and heparinized with different feed ratios of PEG and heparin (DNPH1-4). DNPH products were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The magentic targeting of DNPH3, with appropriate amounts of conjugated PEG and heparin, in a mouse 9L-glioma subcutaneous tumor model was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/electron spin resonance (ESR).

RESULTS: DNPH3 showed long circulating properties in vivo (half-life >8 h, more than 60-fold longer than that of parent D) and low reticuloendothelial system (RES) recognition in liver and spleen. Protamine, a model cationic protein, was efficiently loaded onto DNPH3 with a maximum loading content of 26.4 μg/mg Fe. Magnetic capture of DNPH3 in tumor site with optimized conditions (I.D. of 12 mg/kg, targeting time of 45 min) was up to 29.42 μg Fe/g tissue (12.26% I.D./g tissue).

CONCLUSION: DNPH3 showed the potential to be used as a platform for cationic proteins for simultaneous tumor targeting and imaging.

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