Optimization, production and characterization of glycolipid biosurfactant from the marine actinobacterium, Streptomyces sp. MAB36

Panchanathan Manivasagan, Palaniappan Sivasankar, Jayachandran Venkatesan, Kannan Sivakumar, Se-Kwon Kim
Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 2014, 37 (5): 783-97
A potential glycolipid biosurfactant producer Streptomyces sp. MAB36 was isolated from marine sediment samples. Medium composition and culture conditions for the glycolipid biosurfactant production by Streptomyces sp. MAB36 were optimized, using two statistical methods: Plackett-Burman design was applied to find out the key ingredients and conditions for the best yield of glycolipid biosurfactant production and central composite design was used to optimize the concentration of the four significant variables, starch, casein, crude oil and incubation time. Fructose and yeast extract were the best carbon and nitrogen sources for the production of the glycolipid biosurfactant. Biochemical characterizations including FTIR and MS studies suggested the glycolipid nature of the biosurfactant. The isolated glycolipid biosurfactant reduced the surface tension of water from 73.2 to 32.4 mN/m. The purified glycolipid biosurfactant showed critical micelle concentrations of 36 mg/l. The glycolipid biosurfactant was effective at very low concentrations over a wide range of temperature, pH, and NaCl concentration. The purified glycolipid biosurfactant showed strong antimicrobial activity. Thus, the strain Streptomyces sp. MAB36 has proved to be a potential source of glycolipid biosurfactant that could be used for the bioremediation processes in the marine environment.

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