Results of the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study 4 years after surgery for myopia. Perk Study Group

G O Waring, M J Lynn, B Fielding, P A Asbell, H D Balyeat, E A Cohen, W Culbertson, D J Doughman, P Fecko, M B McDonald
JAMA 1990 February 23, 263 (8): 1083-91
The Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy Study is a nine-center clinical trial of a surgical technique to reduce simple myopia by making incisions in the cornea. There were 435 patients (one eye per patient is reported) enrolled in the study with a 91% follow-up rate at 4 years after surgery. After surgery, uncorrected visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 76% of eyes. Fifty-five percent of the eyes had a refractive error within +/- 1.00 diopter; 28% were undercorrected, and 17% were overcorrected by more than 1.00 D. The width of the prediction 90% interval for the refractive change was 4.42 D, indicating a lack of predictability. The refractive error was not stable in some eyes; between 6 months and 4 years after surgery, 23% of eyes had a continued effect of the surgery of more than 1.00 D. For 323 patients with both eyes operated on, 64% stated they wore no optical correction. There were few serious complications. Eleven eyes (3%) lost two or three lines of best corrected visual acuity. Two eyes developed delayed bacterial keratitis without significant loss in best corrected visual acuity.

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