JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Anti-PD-1 antibody: basics and clinical application]

Yoshimasa Tanaka, Haruki Okamura
Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy 2013, 40 (9): 1145-9
24047772
Although the treatment of cancer with monoclonal antibodies has long been pursued, T cell-directed immunotherapy has met with limited success. Recently, much attention has been devoted to the blockade of PD-1 signaling to activate an immune response to cancer. PD-1, a protein expressed on T cells, is a member of the CD28 superfamily, and it transmits coinhibitory signals upon engagement with its ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2. Accumulating evidence suggests that the PD-1 system plays pivotal roles in the regulation of autoimmunity, transplantation immunity, infectious immunity, and tumor immunity. Because the interaction of PD-1 with its ligands occurs in the effector phase of killer T cell responses in peripheral blood, anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies are ideal as specific agents to augment T cell responses to tumors with fewer adverse events than with the inhibition of CTLA-4, because the interaction of CTLA-4 with its ligands occurs in the priming phase of T cell responses within lymph nodes. In recent phase I clinical trials, objective responses were observed in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and non-small cell lung cancer who underwent immunotherapy with an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody. In addition, the antitumor activity of an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody was observed in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. The next frontier of immunotherapy targeting the PD-1 axis is to define patient selection criteria and explore combination therapy with other therapeutic manipulations such as adoptive immunotherapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24047772
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"