JOURNAL ARTICLE

Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes, aac(6')-Ib-cr, qnrS, qnrB, and qnrA, in urinary isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae at a teaching hospital, Thailand

Woravit Pasom, Aroonwadee Chanawong, Aroonlug Lulitanond, Chotechana Wilailuckana, Suthida Kenprom, Pirom Puang-Ngern
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 2013, 66 (5): 428-32
24047744
A total of 121 Escherichia coli (47 extended-spectrum β-lactamase [ESBL] and 74 non-ESBL producers) and 75 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates (49 ESBL and 26 non-ESBL producers) were collected from urine samples between October 2010 and April 2011 at a university hospital and assessed for the presence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes. Twenty-seven E. coli (22.3%) and 49 K. pneumoniae (65.3%) isolates harbored PMQR genes, which mostly consisted of aac(6')-Ib-cr and qnrS, followed by qnrB and qnrA. Among the 76 PMQR-positive isolates, 15 (19.7%) and 2 (2.6%) carried 2 and 3 different PMQR genes, respectively. However, qnrC, qnrD, and qepA were not found in any isolate. The PMQR genes were more prevalent in ESBL producers than in non-ESBL producers (42.6% versus 9.5% in E. coli and 81.6% versus 34.6% in K. pneumoniae). Approximately 35%-60% of the PMQR-positive isolates were susceptible or intermediately susceptible to fluoroquinolones. The enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR method revealed that most PMQR-positive isolates belonged to different strains, indicating the spread of these resistance determinants. PMQR gene transfer by conjugation was successful in 10%-25% of the test donors. This study showed a high prevalence of PMQR genes among both organisms. Clinical use of fluoroquinolones for the treatment of infections caused by fluoroquinolone-susceptible strains harboring PMQR genes may lead to decreased therapeutic efficacy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24047744
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"