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Clinical comparison of four types of skin incisions for skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction.

Surgery Today 2014 August
PURPOSE: Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) has become popular as an effective procedure for patients with early breast cancer. We herein report an overview of the four types of skin incisions used for SSM.

METHODS: The records of 111 consecutive breast cancer patients, who received SSM and IBR from 2003 to 2012, were reviewed retrospectively. Four types of skin incisions were used. Type A was the so-called tennis racquet incision, type B was a periareolar incision and mid-axillary incision, type C was the so-called areola-sparing with mid-axillary incision and type D was a small transverse elliptical incision and transverse axillary incision.

RESULTS: Twenty-six type A, 59 type B, 20 type C and six type D incisions were made. The average blood loss and average length of the operation during SSM were not significantly different between the four approaches. The average areolar diameter was 35 mm for type A, B and D incisions, and 45 mm for type C. There was a need for postoperative nipple-areolar complex plasty (NAC-P) in 75 % of the cases following type A, B and D incisions, and 35 % of the cases treated using type C incisions.

CONCLUSION: The type C incision is superior with regard to the cost and cosmetic outcomes, because fewer of these patients request postoperative NAC-P.

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