Useful marker of oscillatory lung function in methacholine challenge test-comparison of reactance and resistance with dose-response slope

Jung Won Yoon, Youn Ho Shin, Hye Mi Jee, Sun Jung Chang, Ji Hyeon Baek, Sun Hee Choi, Hyeong Yun Kim, Man Yong Han
Pediatric Pulmonology 2014, 49 (6): 521-8

BACKGROUND: There are few studies focusing on the comparison of resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) in impulse oscillometry system (IOS) in the bronchial challenge test using dose-response slope (DRS), a quantitative index of bronchial hyperresponsiveness.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 144 asthmatic and 218 non-asthmatic children to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two-point linear DRS for FEV1 , Rrs5 , and Xrs5 (DRS_FEV1 , DRS_Rrs5 , and DRS_Xrs5 ) and assessed various diagnostic cut-off points of provocation concentrations (PC) using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

RESULTS: DRS_FEV1 had a stronger correlation with DRS_Xrs5 (r = 0.739, P < 0.001) than with DRS_Rrs5 (r = 0.652, P < 0.001) and the area under the ROC curves of DRS_Xrs5 (0.737) was similar to that of DRS_FEV1 (0.732) and higher than that of DRS_Rrs5 (0.668). The area under the ROC curves in order of greater value was as follows: absolute change of Xrs5 (Abs_Xrs5 ) (0.759) > percent change of FEV1 (Pch_FEV1 ) (0.735) > Pch_Xrs5 (0.727) > Abs_Rrs5 (0.690) > Pch_Rrs5 (0.630). PC78 _Xrs5 and PC0.17 _Xrs5 of IOS showed considerably good sensitivity and specificity comparable to those of PC20 _FEV1 by spirometry. Additional 18 (13%) children who showed normal spirometric measures were identified as asthmatics with the use of IOS.

CONCLUSION: The utility of the DRS_Xrs5 to differentiate asthmatics from controls was comparable to that of the DRS_FEV1 and better than that of the DRS_Rrs5 . In addition, IOS could detect additional asthmatic patients who did not show positive responses in spirometry.

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