Role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in autogenous bone grafts to the mandible using guided bone regeneration and a deproteinized bovine bone material

Steffen Koerdt, Joerg Siebers, Wilhelm Bloch, Oliver Ristow, Alexander C Kuebler, Tobias Reuther
Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery 2014, 42 (5): 560-7

UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in autogenous bone grafts to the mandible based on immunohistochemical analysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a well-established sheep model autogenous bone grafts were harvested form the iliac bone. A combination of a Collagen Membrane (CM) and Deproteinized Bovine Bone Material (DBBM) was used to cover the bone graft (Experiment 2). This modification was compared with simple onlay bone grafts (Experiment 1). Immunohistochemically, the expression of specific stable degradation products of oxidative and nitrosative stress was compared between the two experimental groups.

RESULTS: Specific markers for oxidative and nitrosative stress showed statistically significant differences in expression in the different experimental groups. The influence of oxidative and nitrosative stress on osteoblasts (OB), osteoclasts (OC), and osteocytes (OCy) was analysed. Experiment 2 showed increased expression of markers in OB and decreased expression in OC.

CONCLUSIONS: Taking the result of this study and reports from the literature into consideration grafts in Experiment 2 showed less resorption and atrophy, higher activity of OB and inhibition of OC, and less expression of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species (RONS) as markers of oxidative stress within the graft. These data illustrate the improved remodelling processes in grafts using CM and DBBM.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"