Successful kidney and liver transplantation from a donor with immune thrombocytopenia

F Kaestner, D J Kutsogiannis
Transplantation Proceedings 2013, 45 (7): 2838-40
Antibodies directed against platelet-surface antigen cause immune thrombocytopenia. Transplantation from a donor with immune thrombocytopenia has rarely been reported in the literature and never with a platelet count of 1 × 10(9)/L. We report one liver transplant recipient and one kidney transplant recipient who received organs from a donor with immune thrombocytopenia dying from intracranial hemorrhage. The kidney recipient showed no evidence of thrombocytopenia after transplantation. However, in the liver recipient, the platelet count nadired at 4 × 10(9)/L and normalized within 3 months. Transplantation of a liver from a donor suffering from immune thrombocytopenia must be considered with great caution. Other organs are suitable for transplantation; however, recipients of these organs must be followed carefully for evidence of immune thrombocytopenia and treatment offered accordingly.

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