Identification of QTLs for seed and pod traits in soybean and analysis for additive effects and epistatic effects of QTLs among multiple environments

Zhe Yang, Dawei Xin, Chunyan Liu, Hongwei Jiang, Xue Han, Yanan Sun, Zhaoming Qi, Guohua Hu, Qingshan Chen
Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG 2013, 288 (12): 651-67
Soybean seed and pod traits are important yield components. Selection for high yield style in seed and pod along with agronomic traits is a goal of many soybean breeders. The intention of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying seed and pod traits in soybean among eleven environments in China. 147 recombinant inbred lines were advanced through single-seed-descent method. The population was derived from a cross between Charleston (an American high yield soybean cultivar) and DongNong594 (a Chinese high yield soybean cultivar). A total of 157 polymorphic simple sequence repeat markers were used to construct a genetic linkage map. The phenotypic data of seed and pod traits [number of one-seed pod, number of two-seed pod, number of three-seed pod, number of four-seed pod, number of (two plus three)-seed pod, number of (three plus four)-seed pod, seed weight per plant, number of pod per plant] were recorded in eleven environments. In the analysis of single environment, fourteen main effect QTLs were identified. In the conjoint analysis of multiple environments, twenty-four additive QTLs were identified, and additive QTLs by environments interactions (AE) were evaluated and analyzed at the same time among eleven environments; twenty-three pairs of epistatic QTLs were identified, and epistasis (additive by additive) by environments interactions (AAE) were also analyzed and evaluated among eleven environments. Comparing the results of identification between single environment mapping and multiple environments conjoint mapping, three main effect QTLs with positive additive values and another three main effect QTLs with negative additive values, had no interactions with all environments, supported that these QTLs could be used in molecular assistant breeding in the future. These different effect QTLs could supply a good foundation to the gene clone and molecular asisstant breeding of soybean seed and pod traits.

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