JOURNAL ARTICLE

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: patient outcomes, rate of appropriate and inappropriate interventions, and complications

Pieter A Vriesendorp, Arend F L Schinkel, Johan Van Cleemput, Rik Willems, Luc J L M Jordaens, Dominic A M J Theuns, Marjon A van Slegtenhorst, Thomy J de Ravel, Folkert J ten Cate, Michelle Michels
American Heart Journal 2013, 166 (3): 496-502
24016499

BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most devastating complication of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but this can be prevented by an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). The aim of this study is to evaluate HCM patients with ICDs for primary or secondary prevention of SCD.

METHODS: The study population consisted of all HCM patients with an ICD in 2 tertiary referral clinics. End points during follow-up were total and cardiac mortality, appropriate and inappropriate ICD intervention, and device-related complications. Cox-regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of outcome.

RESULTS: ICDs were implanted in 134 patients with HCM (mean age 44 ± 17 years, 34% women, 4.2 ± 4.8 years follow-up). Annualized cardiac mortality rate was 3.4% per year and associated with New York Heart Association class III or IV (HR 5.2 [2.0-14, P = .002]) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (HR 6.3 [2.1-20, P = .02]). Appropriate ICD interventions occurred in 38 patients (6.8%/year) and was associated with implantation for secondary prevention of SCD (HR 4.0 [1.8-9.1], P = .001) and male gender (HR 3.3 [1.2-9.0], P = .02). Inappropriate ICD intervention occurred in 21 patients (3.7%/year) and in 20 patients device related complications were documented (3.6%/year).

CONCLUSION: ICDs successfully abort life-threatening arrhythmias in HCM patients at increased risk of SCD with an annualized intervention rate of 6.8% per year. End-stage heart failure is the main cause of mortality in these patients. The annualized rate of inappropriate ICD intervention was 3.7% per year, whereas device-related complications occurred 3.6% per year.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
24016499
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"