Obesity phenotype is related to NLRP3 inflammasome activity and immunological profile of visceral adipose tissue

Nathalie Esser, Laurent L'homme, Arnaud De Roover, Laurent Kohnen, André J Scheen, Michel Moutschen, Jacques Piette, Sylvie Legrand-Poels, Nicolas Paquot
Diabetologia 2013, 56 (11): 2487-97

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Obesity is a heterogeneous condition comprising both individuals who remain metabolically healthy (MHO) and those who develop metabolic disorders (metabolically unhealthy, MUO). Adipose tissue is also heterogeneous in that its visceral component is more frequently associated with metabolic dysfunction than its subcutaneous component. The development of metabolic disorders is partly mediated by the NLR family pyrin domain containing-3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, which increases the secretion of inflammatory cytokines via activation of caspase-1. We compared the immunological profile and NLRP3 activity in adipose tissue between MUO and MHO individuals.

METHODS: MHO and MUO phenotypes were defined, respectively, as the absence and the presence of the metabolic syndrome. Cellular composition and intrinsic inflammasome activity were investigated by flow cytometry, quantitative RT-PCR and tissue culture studies in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue from 23 MUO, 21 MHO and nine lean individuals.

RESULTS: We found significant differences between the three study groups, including an increased secretion of IL-1β, increased expression of IL1B and NLRP3, increased number of adipose tissue macrophages and decreased number of regulatory T cells in the visceral adipose tissue of MUO patients compared with MHO and lean participants. In macrophages derived from visceral adipose tissue, both caspase-1 activity and IL-1β levels were higher in MUO patients than in MHO patients. Furthermore, caspase-1 activity was higher in CD11c(+)CD206(+) adipose tissue macrophages than in CD11c(-)CD206(+) cells.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The MUO phenotype seems to be associated with an increased activation of the NLPR3 inflammasome in macrophages infiltrating visceral adipose tissue, and a less favourable inflammatory profile compared with the MHO phenotype.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"