Retinoic acid improves defective TLR9/RP105-induced immune responses in common variable immunodeficiency-derived B cells

Randi L Indrevær, Kristine L Holm, Pål Aukrust, Liv T Osnes, Elin H Naderi, Børre Fevang, Heidi K Blomhoff
Journal of Immunology 2013 October 1, 191 (7): 3624-33
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a disease that is characterized primarily by low levels of serum Igs, resulting in a high incidence of infections. It also has been associated with impaired B cell signaling via TLR9 and reduced serum levels of vitamin A. Given the established link between vitamin A deficiency and increased susceptibility to infections, we investigated the ability of the vitamin A metabolite all-trans retinoic acid (RA) to restore the defective immune responses in CVID-derived B cells activated through the TLRs TLR9 and RP105. We demonstrate that RA almost normalizes proliferation and IL-10 secretion in patient-derived B cells. IgG secretion is also partially restored, but to a more moderate extent. This can be explained by impaired RA-mediated isotype switching in TLR9/RP105-stimulated CVID-derived B cells owing to reduced induction of activation-induced deaminase. Accordingly, these B cells secreted higher levels of IgM than did normal B cells, and RA augmented IgM secretion. The ability of RA to improve critical immune parameters in CVID-derived B cells stimulated through TLR9 and RP105 support the possibility of combining RA with TLR stimulation for the treatment of CVID.

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