Outcome after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator in patients with Brugada syndrome: a multicenter study-part 2

Frédéric Sacher, Vincent Probst, Philippe Maury, Dominique Babuty, Jacques Mansourati, Yuki Komatsu, Christelle Marquie, Antonio Rosa, Abou Diallo, Romain Cassagneau, Claire Loizeau, Raphael Martins, Michael E Field, Nicolas Derval, Shinsuke Miyazaki, Arnaud Denis, Akihiko Nogami, Philippe Ritter, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Sylvain Ploux, Anne Rollin, Adlane Zemmoura, Dominique Lamaison, Pierre Bordachar, Bertrand Pierre, Pierre Jaïs, Jean-Luc Pasquié, Mélèze Hocini, François Legal, Pascal Defaye, Serge Boveda, Yoshito Iesaka, Philippe Mabo, Michel Haïssaguerre
Circulation 2013 October 15, 128 (16): 1739-47

BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator indications in Brugada syndrome remain controversial, especially in asymptomatic patients. Previous outcome data are limited by relatively small numbers of patients or short follow-up durations. We report the outcome of patients with Brugada syndrome implanted with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator in a large multicenter registry.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 378 patients (310 male; age, 46±13 years) with a type 1 Brugada ECG pattern implanted with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (31 for aborted sudden cardiac arrest, 181 for syncope, and 166 asymptomatic) were included. Fifteen patients (4%) were lost to follow-up. During a mean follow-up of 77±42 months, 7 patients (2%) died (1 as a result of an inappropriate shock), and 46 patients (12%) had appropriate device therapy (5±5 shocks per patient). Appropriate device therapy rates at 10 years were 48% for patients whose implantable cardioverter-defibrillator indication was aborted sudden cardiac arrest, 19% for those whose indication was syncope, and 12% for the patients who were asymptomatic at implantation. At 10 years, rates of inappropriate shock and lead failure were 37% and 29%, respectively. Inappropriate shock occurred in 91 patients (24%; 4±4 shocks per patient) because of lead failure (n=38), supraventricular tachycardia (n=20), T-wave oversensing (n=14), or sinus tachycardia (n=12). Importantly, introduction of remote monitoring, programming a high single ventricular fibrillation zone (>210-220 bpm), and a long detection time were associated with a reduced risk of inappropriate shock.

CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate therapies are more prevalent in symptomatic Brugada syndrome patients but are not insignificant in asymptomatic patients (1%/y). Optimal implantable cardioverter-defibrillator programming and follow-up dramatically reduce inappropriate shock. However, lead failure remains a major problem in this population.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"