COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dual trigger with combination of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and human chorionic gonadotropin significantly improves the live-birth rate for normal responders in GnRH-antagonist cycles

Ming-Huei Lin, Frank Shao-Ying Wu, Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Shyr-Yeu Lin, Yuh-Ming Hwu
Fertility and Sterility 2013, 100 (5): 1296-302
23993928

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether dual triggering of final oocyte maturation with a combination of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can improve the live-birth rate for normal responders in GnRH-antagonist in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) cycles.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING: Infertility unit of a university-affiliated medical center.

PATIENT(S): Normal responders to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation who were undergoing IVF-ICSI with a GnRH antagonist protocol.

INTERVENTION(S): Standard dosage of hCG trigger (6,500 IU of recombinant hCG) versus dual trigger (0.2 mg of triptorelin and 6,500 IU of recombinant hCG).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Live-birth, clinical pregnancy, and implantation rates per cycle.

RESULT(S): A total of 376 patients with 378 completed cycles with embryo transfer were enrolled (hCG trigger/control group: n = 187; dual trigger/study group: n = 191). The dual trigger group demonstrated statistically significantly higher implantation (29.6% vs. 18.4%), clinical pregnancy (50.7% vs. 40.1%), and live-birth (41.3% vs. 30.4%) rates as compared with the hCG trigger group. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of patient demographics, cycle parameters, or embryo quality.

CONCLUSION(S): Dual trigger of final oocyte maturation with a GnRH-agonist and a standard dosage of hCG in normal responders statistically significantly improves implantation, clinical pregnancy, and live-birth rates in GnRH-antagonist IVF cycles.

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