Tobramycin inhalation powder in cystic fibrosis patients: response by age group

David E Geller, Samya Z Nasr, Simon Piggott, Ellie He, Gerhild Angyalosi, Mark Higgins
Respiratory Care 2014, 59 (3): 388-98

BACKGROUND: Tobramycin powder for inhalation (TIP) is a drug-device combination designed to reduce treatment time and improve ease of use compared with tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, the ability of patients to use dry powder inhalers, and the efficacy of the treatments, may vary by age.

METHODS: The "Establish a New Gold Standard for Efficacy and Safety With Tobramycin in Cystic Fibrosis" (EAGER) trial was a randomized, 24-week, multicenter, open-label, parallel-group study designed to evaluate the safety of TIP versus TIS in 553 subjects, ages ≥ 6 years, with CF and P. aeruginosa infection. The main efficacy end point was percent-of-predicted FEV1 at week 20 (end of third cycle of treatment). A post hoc analysis was undertaken in 517 subjects who took ≥ 1 dose of study medication, to evaluate the relative efficacy and safety of TIP and TIS by age group: ≥ 6 to < 13 y (children, n = 46); ≥ 13 to < 20 y (adolescents, n = 114); and ≥ 20 y (adults, n = 357).

RESULTS: Improvements in percent-of-predicted FEV1 from baseline to end of cycle 3 were greatest in the children for both TIP and TIS. The treatment differences (TIP - TIS) were 4.7% (85% CI -1.2 to 10.6), 3.7% (85% CI -0.1 to 7.5), and -0.8% (85% CI -3.1 to 1.5) in children, adolescents, and adults, respectively. Sputum P. aeruginosa density decreased from baseline with both treatments, with comparable treatment differences across the age groups after 3 cycles: children -0.93 (85% CI -2.4 to 0.5), adolescents -0.17 (85% CI -1.2 to 0.8), and adults -0.89 (85% CI -1.3 to -0.4). Overall, subject satisfaction scores were greater in all subjects with TIP, irrespective of age group. With the exception of cough and dysphonia, the safety profile of TIP was comparable to TIS, irrespective of age.

CONCLUSIONS: TIP is comparable to TIS in efficacy outcomes and safety profile but had greater patient satisfaction in all the age groups.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"