OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Cardinal symptom vertigo from the neurologist's perspective]

M Strupp, C Muth, N Böttcher, O Bayer, J Teufel, K Feil, T Bremova, O Kremmyda, C S Fischer
HNO 2013, 61 (9): 762-71
23979117
In most patients with vertigo, the first and clinically most important question posed to neurologists is whether it is a central or a peripheral syndrome. In more than 90 % of cases, this differentiation is made possible by systematically recording the patient history (asking about the type of vertigo, the duration, triggers and accompanying symptoms) and conducting a physical examination. Particularly in the case of acute vertigo disorders, a five-step procedure has proven useful: 1. A cover test to look for vertical divergence (skew deviation) as a central sign and component of the ocular tilt reaction (OTR); 2. Examination with and without Frenzel goggles to differentiate between peripheral vestibular spontaneous nystagmus and central fixation nystagmus; 3. Examination of smooth pursuit; 4. Examination of the gaze-holding function (particularly gaze-evoked nystagmus beating in the opposite direction to spontaneous nystagmus); 5. The head impulse test to look for a deficit in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Considerable advances have been made in the pharmacotherapy of vertigo disorders during the last 10 years, including cortisone for the treatment of acute vestibular neuritis, betahistine as a high-dose long-term treatment for Menière's disease, carbamazepine to treat vestibular paroxysmia and aminopyridine for down- and upbeat nystagmus and episodic ataxia type 2.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23979117
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"