Efficacy and safety of aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin after coronary artery stenting in Korean patients with atrial fibrillation

Soon Yong Suh, Woong Chol Kang, Pyung Chun Oh, Hanul Choi, Chan Il Moon, Kyounghoon Lee, Seung Hwan Han, Taehoon Ahn, In Suck Choi, Eak Kyun Shin
Heart and Vessels 2014, 29 (5): 578-83
There are limited data on the optimal antithrombotic therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who undergoing coronary stenting. We reviewed 203 patients (62.6 % men, mean age 68.3 ± 10.1 years) between 2003 and 2012, and recorded clinical and demographic characteristics of the patients. Clinical follow-up included major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and stroke), stent thrombosis, and bleeding. The most commonly associated comorbidities were hypertension (70.4 %), diabetes mellitus (35.5 %), and congestive heart failure (26.6 %). Sixty-three percent of patients had stroke risk higher than CHADS2 score 2. At discharge, dual-antiplatelet therapy (aspirin, clopidogrel) was used in 166 patients (81.8 %; Group I), whereas 37 patients (18.2 %) were discharged with triple therapy (aspirin, clopidogrel, warfarin; Group II). The mean follow-up period was 42.0 ± 29.0 months. The mean international normalized ratio (INR) in group II was 1.83 ± 0.41. The total MACCE was 16.3 %, with stroke in 3.4 %. Compared with the group II, the incidence of MACCE (2.7 % vs 19.3 %, P = 0.012) and cardiac death (0 % vs 11.4 %, P = 0.028) were higher in the group I. Major and any bleeding, however, did not differ between the two groups. In multivariate analysis, no warfarin therapy (odds ratio 7.8, 95 % confidence interval 1.02-59.35; P = 0.048) was an independent predictor of MACCE. By Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, warfarin therapy was associated with a lower risk of MACCE (P = 0.024). In patients with AF undergoing coronary artery stenting, MACCE were reduced by warfarin therapy without increased bleeding, which might be related to tighter control with a lower INR value.

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