JOURNAL ARTICLE

A novel mutation of the high-temperature requirement A serine peptidase 1 (HTRA1) gene in a Chinese family with cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL)

Yan Chen, Zhiyi He, Su Meng, Lei Li, Hua Yang, Xiaotang Zhang
Journal of International Medical Research 2013, 41 (5): 1445-55
23963851

OBJECTIVE: Mutations in the high-temperature requirement A serine peptidase 1 (HTRA1) gene were studied in a Chinese family with cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL).

METHODS: Exons 1-9 of the HTRA1 gene were amplified and bidirectionally sequenced in a Chinese family with CARASIL. Mutation effects were analysed by three-dimensional modelling of the serine protease HTRA1 protein.

RESULTS: The proband was found to be homozygous for a novel missense mutation (c.854 C > T) identified in exon 4 of the HTRA1 gene; the parents of the proband were heterozygous for the same missense mutation. This c.854 C > T mutation resulted in a change from proline to leucine (p.P285L) in serine protease HTRA1, and was absent in 260 control chromosomes. Three-dimensional models showed that the change from proline to leucine (p.P285L) could attenuate the hydrogen bond between S284 and S287 residues, which might affect function of serine protease HTRA1.

CONCLUSION: Discovery of a novel missense mutation (c.854C>T) associated with CARASIL expands the known CARASIL-related mutations in HTRA1.

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