Additional value of lateral tissue Doppler imaging in the assessment of diastolic dysfunction among subjects with pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow

Hack-Lyoung Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Yong-Jin Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim, Dae-Won Sohn
Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2013 August 20, 11: 31

BACKGROUND: There has been a lack of research on further stratification of subjects who have pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow. The study aim was to clarify 2 different groups with different diastolic function grades among these subjects using lateral tissue Doppler imaging (TDI).

METHODS: A total of 122 consecutive subjects showing pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow (E/A ≥ 1 and septal e'/a' < 1) without structural abnormality were prospectively recruited. TDI measurements were performed from both septal and lateral mitral annuli.

RESULTS: Study subjects were stratified according to lateral TDI pattern (e'/a' < 1 [n = 50] versus e'/a' ≥ 1 [n = 72]). Subjects with lateral e'/a' < 1 had higher values of left atrial volume index (LAVI) and E/e' compared to those for lateral e'/a' ≥ 1 (p < 0.001 for each). Among subjects with lateral e'/a' ≥ 1, only 9.3% of subjects had grade II diastolic dysfunction, whereas among subjects with lateral e'/a' < 1, majority of subjects (64.1%) had grade II diastolic dysfunction (p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that lateral e'/a' was independently associated with LAVI (β = -0.484, p < 0.001), even after adjusting for potential confounders including age, sex, body mass index, hypertension and diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS: In subjects without structural abnormality showing E/A ≥ 1 and septal e'/a' < 1, lateral TDI measurement is useful in the assessment of diastolic dysfunction. Lateral e'/a' ≥ 1 is a valuable indicator of early diastolic dysfunction but not of advanced diastolic dysfunction in this population.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"