Decreasing tropomyosin phosphorylation rescues tropomyosin-induced familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Emily M Schulz, Tanganyika Wilder, Shamim A K Chowdhury, Hajer N Sheikh, Beata M Wolska, R John Solaro, David F Wieczorek
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2013 October 4, 288 (40): 28925-35
Studies indicate that tropomyosin (Tm) phosphorylation status varies in different mouse models of cardiac disease. Investigation of basal and acute cardiac function utilizing a mouse model expressing an α-Tm protein that cannot be phosphorylated (S283A) shows a compensated hypertrophic phenotype with significant increases in SERCA2a expression and phosphorylation of phospholamban Ser-16 (Schulz, E. M., Correll, R. N., Sheikh, H. N., Lofrano-Alves, M. S., Engel, P. L., Newman, G., Schultz Jel, J., Molkentin, J. D., Wolska, B. M., Solaro, R. J., and Wieczorek, D. F. (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 287, 44478-44489). With these results, we hypothesized that decreasing α-Tm phosphorylation may be beneficial in the context of a chronic, intrinsic stressor. To test this hypothesis, we utilized the familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) α-Tm E180G model (Prabhakar, R., Boivin, G. P., Grupp, I. L., Hoit, B., Arteaga, G., Solaro, R. J., and Wieczorek, D. F. (2001) J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 33, 1815-1828). These FHC hearts are characterized by increased heart:body weight ratios, fibrosis, increased myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity, and contractile defects. The FHC mice die by 6-8 months of age. We generated mice expressing both the E180G and S283A mutations and found that the hypertrophic phenotype was rescued in the α-Tm E180G/S283A double mutant transgenic animals; these mice exhibited no signs of cardiac hypertrophy and displayed improved cardiac function. These double mutant transgenic hearts showed increased phosphorylation of phospholamban Ser-16 and Thr-17 compared with the α-Tm E180G mice. This is the first study to demonstrate that decreasing phosphorylation of tropomyosin can rescue a hypertrophic cardiomyopathic phenotype.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"