Resident perspectives on professionalism lack common consensus

Christine S Cho, Eva M Delgado, Frances K Barg, Jill C Posner
Annals of Emergency Medicine 2014, 63 (1): 61-7

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize and understand the residents' perspective on how professionalism develops through pediatric emergency medicine experiences.

METHODS: Qualitative methods (freelisting--listing words associated with professionalism--and semistructured interviews) were conducted with senior emergency medicine and pediatric residents about their experiences rotating in the emergency department of a large, urban, tertiary care, freestanding children's hospital. All senior residents were eligible, with purposive sampling to maximize demographic variability. Saliency (importance) of words was analyzed with Smith S scores and consensus analysis. Interviews were conducted until content saturation was achieved; transcripts were coded by independent investigators to reach thematic consensus.

RESULTS: Twenty-five interviews (36% emergency, 64% pediatrics) were conducted. Common words associated with professionalism were "respect," "compassion," "empathy," and "integrity"; however, residents did not share a common consensus. The framework for how residents described the development of their professionalism includes observations, interactions, and environment. Examples include resident observation of role models; interactions with patients, families, and coworkers; self-reflection; and the unique environment of the ED. Residents believed that role modeling was the most influential factor. Few reported receiving sufficient observation by attending physicians during their interactions with patients and most reported receiving little direct feedback on their professionalism. Residents' descriptions of professionalism crossed multiple Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies.

CONCLUSION: Residents displayed high variability in their understanding of professionalism, which was frequently at variance with the corresponding ACGME competency definition. The resident perspective and understanding of professionalism may usefully inform refinements in ACGME milestones and entrustable professional activities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"